Born in 21st January 1876, England, James Larkin grew up to become a trade union activist in Ireland who could not be easily forgotten. Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union was molded to perfection thanks to his leadership.
The establishment went on to become the largest trade union in Ireland. ITGWU was active until the time Ireland split into two in 1914. Larkin then headed to the USA and was deported after a short while there.
Due to his family background he was unable to finish his studies. He went to work to help his family get an extra income for support. He became a foreman at construction sites in Liverpool docks.
When he was working, he wanted employees to be treated with dignity that they deserve because they are assets in whichever company they work for. Moreover, they had rights too because they are human like their bosses. Unfair treatment of personnel made him furious and in 1905, he teamed up with the National Union of Dock Laborers and kicked off his career as a trade unionist. Learn more about James Larkin: http://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/index.php/articles/jim-larkin-released-from-prison and http://spartacus-educational.com/IRElarkin.htm
In 1907, he was in Dublin and founded the ITGWU, a union that aimed at uniting the Irish workers for them to look for better bargaining agreements with employers and also securing a good working environment.
James Larkin formed Irish Labor Party that planned the 1913 Dublin Lockout strike that lasted for almost a year before being settled. Better terms were realized for workers who got fair treatment in their working environments.
The First World War, WW1 was at the time that he was a trade union leader. He was opposed to the war coming to Dublin and distracting work. There were protests in Dublin resisting WW1; he went to America to lobby against the British influence in the war.
James Larkin was later held for what was termed as communism and criminal anarchy but was pardoned after spending three years of his sentence.
He was deported back to Ireland and he helped in instituting the Worker’s Union of Ireland in 1924. He is remembered as the pioneer of trade unions in the world and many countries in the world have embraced the effectiveness of the unions in fighting for workers’ rights.